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Communications in Lebanon


Before the civil war, Beirut was an international communications centre with an earth satellite station and two oceanic cables linking it to Marseille and Alexandria. As of 1999, the rebuilding of Lebanon's telecommunications system was well under way. Government-controlled Radio Lebanon broadcasts in Arabic and Tele-Liban broadcasts on three channels in Arabic, French, and English.

In 2011, there were 900,000 telephone main lines and about 3.35 million mobile telephones in use in Lebanon. The telephone system experienced severe damage during the civil war, but was completely rebuilt and revamped. The systems that provide the infrastructure for the telephone network are, domestically, microwave radio relay stations and cables, and internationally, two Intelsat satellite-earth stations, a coaxial cable and microwave radio relay station to Syria and three submarine coaxial cables.

Lebanon possesses one AM radio broadcast station and 32 FM radio broadcast stations. As of 2005, there are 28 privately owned FM radio stations. One FM station, which shifts between French, English and Armenian, and the sole AM radio station, which broadcasts solely in Arabic, are owned by the state-owned Radio Lebanon, which is responsible to the Ministry of Information. Radio Lebanon also relays Radio France International at 1300 (UTC) daily. Among private broadcasters are the Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation (LBCI), National Broadcasting Network, Radio One and the Voice of Tomorrow. There are 2.85 million radios is Lebanon. Furthermore, Lebanon has two digital cable television companies, Cable Vision and echonet.

There are 28 television broadcast stations in Lebanon, although the application of the Audiovisual law has caused the closure of a number of TV stations. The PAL television standard is used in Lebanon. Except for the stated-owned Télé-Liban, most broadcasters run commercials and are privately owned. Some of the most important television networks are the Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation, Future Television,Orange TV or O TV, NBN and New TV. Some of the television networks have definite political connections. OTV, for instance, is pro-Aoun, while Al-Manar TV is pro-Hezbollah and NBN is pro-Berri. There are 1.18 million televisions in Lebanon.

Internet services are administered in Lebanon by the Ministry of Telecommunication. Lebanon provides three types of services: dial-up services, wireless internet service and ADSL. Typically, dial-up services cost around $7 a month but users have to pay for the cost of phone communication. ADSL was offered for the first time in 2007 and as of 2009, there were currently 1 million internet subscribers.


Telephones - main lines in use : 900,000 (2011)
Telephones - mobile cellular : 3.35 million (2011)
Telephone system

: general assessment: repair of the telecommunications system, severely damaged during the civil war, now complete
domestic: two mobile-cellular networks provide good service; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 100 per 100 persons
international: country code - 961; submarine cable links to Cyprus, Egypt, and Syria; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean); coaxial cable to Syria (2011)
Broadcast media : 7 TV stations, 1 of which is state-owned; more than 30 radio stations, 1 of which is state-owned; satellite and cable TV services available; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible through partner stations (2007)
Internet country code : .lb
Internet hosts : 64,926 (2012)
Internet users : 1 million (2009)




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