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Population in Lebanon
 
 
 

General

The population of Lebanon in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations at 3,779,000, which placed it at number 126 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 6% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 28% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 96 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005-10 was expected to be 1.6%, a rate the government viewed as satisfactory. The projected population for the year 2025 was 4,581,000. The population density was 363 per km² (941 per mi²), with most of the population living on the coastal plains where the major cities are located.

The UN estimated that 87% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005, and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 1.49%. The capital city, Beirut, had a population of 1,792,000 in that year, and Tripoli, the largest city, had an estimated population of 2,093,000.

Overview

Population : 4,131,583 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 22.1% (male 467,416/female 445,352)
15-24 years: 17.5% (male 368,097/female 353,518)
25-54 years: 42.4% (male 844,217/female 906,795)
55-64 years: 8.7% (male 165,271/female 193,312)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 178,080/female 209,525) (2013 est.)
Median age : total: 30.4 years
male: 29.2 years
female: 31.5 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate : -0.38% (2012 est.)
Birth rate : 14.92 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate : 6.63 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate : -12.08 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 87% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 0.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Beirut (capital) 1.909 million (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 15.32 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 15.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 75.23 years
male: 73.67 years
female: 76.88 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate : 1.75 children born/woman (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 3,600 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate : 13.5% (2004)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 4.2% (2004)
Health expenditures : 7% of GDP (2010)
Physicians density : 3.54 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density : 3.5 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Sanitation facility access : improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 2% of population (2000 est.)
Nationality : noun: Lebanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Lebanese
Ethnic groups : Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendants of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
Religions : Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3%
note: 17 religious sects recognized
Languages : Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.4%
male: 93.1%
female: 82.2% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2009)
Education expenditures : 1.7% of GDP (2011)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 22.1%
male: 22.3%
female: 21.5% (2007)
 

 
 


 

 


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