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Transportation in Lebanon


As of 2005, Lebanon had 7,300 km of roads. Construction of new roads has been frequently delayed by recurrent hostilities. Many roads were badly in need of repair; since 1982, fully one-third of the country's roads have been rehabilitated. Some new mileage was also added. In 2003 there were 406,920 registered passenger automobiles and 85,125 commercial vehicles.

In 2008, Lebanon had 401 km of standard and narrow gauge railway lines, of which 319 km were standard gauge. However, due to the civil war in the 1980s, only short sections are operable due to damage.

Beirut, a major Mediterranean port, was closed during the 1975-76 war and intermittently thereafter, reopening by March 1991. When the Beirut port was closed, Sidon became the principal port for Muslims and Jūniyah for Christians. Other ports include Tripoli and Tyre. The rehabilitation and modernisation of Beirut port was underway as of 2005, and the rehabilitation and development of Tripoli port was completed in 2001. As of 2010, Lebanon had a merchant fleet of 29 ships of 1,000 GRT or more.

There were an estimated seven airports in 2012, five of which had paved runways. Beirut International, Lebanon's principal airport, remained generally open until bombing during the Israeli invasion forced its closure in June-October 1982. It had handled 1,660,000 passengers in 1980; by 1985, the number was down to 599,000. In 2003, about 935,000 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights. Lebanon's two airlines, Middle East Airlines (MEA) and Trans-Mediterranean Airways (TMA), suffered heavy losses during the 1975-76 war and the Israeli invasion.


Airports : 7 (2012)
Airports - with paved runways : total: 5
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2012)
Airports - with unpaved runways : total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2012)
Pipelines : gas 102 km (2010)
Railways : total: 401 km
standard gauge: 319 km 1.435-m gauge
narrow gauge: 82 km 1.050-m gauge
note: rail system unusable because of the damage done during fighting in the 1980s and in 2006 (2008)
Roadways : total: 6,970 km (includes 170 km of expressways) (2005)
Merchant marine : total: 29
by type: bulk carrier 4, cargo 7, carrier 17, vehicle carrier 1
foreign-owned: 2 (Syria 2)
registered in other countries: 34 (Barbados 2, Cambodia 5, Comoros 2, Egypt 1, Georgia 1, Honduras 2, Liberia 1, Malta 6, Moldova 1, Panama 2, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2, Sierra Leone 2, Togo 6, unknown 1) (2010)
Ports and terminals : Beirut, Tripoli




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